A tendency for an aircraft to yaw to the left due to the descending propeller blade on the right producing more thrust than the ascending blade on the left. This occurs when the aircraft’s longitudinal axis is in a climbing attitude in relation to the relative wind. The P-factor would be to the right if the aircraft had a counterclockwise rotating propeller.
See precipitation static.
See precision approach path indicator.
Lines of latitude.
Drag caused by the friction of air moving over the aircraft structure; its amount varies directly with the airspeed.
The weight of occupants, cargo, and baggage.
The embodiment of personal traits and characteristics of an individual that are set at a very early age and extremely resistant to change.
See primary flight display.
Long-period oscillations of an aircraft around its lateral axis. It is a slow change in pitch accompanied by equally slow changes in airspeed. Angle of attack remains constant, and the pilot often corrects for phugoid oscillations without even being aware of them.
See pilot in command.
The pilot responsible for the operation and safety of an aircraft.
Report of meteorological phenomena encountered by aircraft.
FAA-approved documents published by the airframe manufacturer that list the operating conditions for a particular model of aircraft.
Navigation by visual reference to landmarks.
See pilot report.