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Cabin altitude


While this list does not include all aviation terminology, it is the purpose of this glossary to aid the general viewer in better understanding aviation terms as it pertains to content on this website.



























Cabin pressure in terms of equivalent altitude above sea level.
The black markings on the ball instrument indicating its neutral position.
The instrument indication compared with a standard value to determine the accuracy of the instrument.
The speed at which the aircraft is moving through the air, found by correcting IAS for instrument and position errors.
The camber of an airfoil is the characteristic curve of its upper and lower surfaces. The upper camber is more pronounced, while the lower camber is comparatively flat. This causes the velocity of the airflow immediately above the wing to be much higher than that below the wing.
A horizontal surface mounted ahead of the main wing to provide longitudinal stability and control. It may be a fixed, movable, or variable geometry surface, with or without control surfaces.
A configuration in which the span of the forward wings is substantially less than that of the main wing.
A wing designed to carry loads without external struts.
Calibrated airspeed
Course deviation indicator.
The height above the earth’s surface of the lowest layer of clouds, which is reported as broken or overcast, or the vertical visibility into an obscuration.
The point at which an airplane would balance if it were possible to suspend it at that point. It is the mass center of the airplane, or the theoretical point at which the entire weight of the airplane is assumed to be concentrated. It may be expressed in inches from the reference datum, or in percentage of mean aerodynamic chord (MAC). The location depends on the distribution of weight in the airplane
The specified forward and aft points within which the CG must be located during flight. These limits are indicated on pertinent airplane specifications.
The distance between the forward and aft CG limits indicated on pertinent airplane specifications.
A point along the wing chord line where lift is considered to be concentrated. For this reason, the center of pressure is commonly referred to as the center of lift.
An outward force, that opposes centripetal force, resulting from the effect of inertia during a turn.
A center-seeking force directed inward toward the center of rotation created by the horizontal component of lift in turning flight.
See center of gravity
A tool that is used as a human factors aid in aviation safety. It is a systematic and sequential list of all operations that must be performed to properly accomplish a task.
An imaginary straight line drawn through an airfoil from the leading edge to the trailing edge.
Airspace from 18,000 feet MSL up to and including FL 600, including the airspace overlying the waters within 12 NM of the coast of the 48 contiguous states and Alaska; and designated international airspace beyond 12 NM of the coast of the 48 contiguous states and Alaska within areas of domestic radio navigational signal or ATC radar coverage, and within which domestic procedures are applied.
Airspace from the surface to 10,000 feet MSL surrounding the nation’s busiest airports in terms of IFR operations or passenger numbers. The configuration of each Class B airspace is individually tailored and consists of a surface area and two or more layers, and is designed to contain all published instrument procedures once an aircraft enters the airspace. For all aircraft, an ATC clearance is required to operate in the area, and aircraft so cleared receive separation services within the airspace.
Airspace from the surface to 4,000 feet above the airport elevation (charted in MSL) surrounding those airports having an operational control tower, serviced by radar approach control, and having a certain number of IFR operations or passenger numbers. Although the configuration of each Class C airspace area is individually tailored, the airspace usually consists of a 5 NM radius core surface area that extends from the surface up to 4,000 feet above the airport elevation, and a 10 NM radius shelf area that extends from 1,200 feet to 4,000 feet above the airport elevation.
Airspace from the surface to 2,500 feet above the airport elevation (charted in MSL) surrounding those airports that have an operational control tower. The configuration of each Class D airspace area is individually tailored, and when instrument procedures are published, the airspace is normally designed to contain the procedures.
Airspace that is not Class A, Class B, Class C, or Class D, and is controlled airspace.
Airspace that is uncontrolled, except when associated with a temporary control tower, and has not been designated as Class A, Class B, Class C, Class D, or Class E airspace.
A configuration in which all flight control surfaces have been placed to create minimum drag. In most aircraft this means flaps and gear retracted.
Glossy, clear, or translucent ice formed by the relatively slow freezing of large, supercooled water droplets.
ATC permission for an aircraft to proceed under specified traffic conditions within controlled airspace, for the purpose of providing separation between known aircraft.
Control tower position responsible for transmitting departure clearances to IFR flights.
The fix, point, or location to which an aircraft is cleared when issued an air traffic clearance.
The boundary between two air masses where cold air is replacing warm air.
A true course corrected for variation and deviation errors.
A low-power, low- or medium-frequency (L/MF) radio beacon installed at the site of the outer or middle marker of an ILS.
A small circle graduated in 360° increments, to show direction expressed in degrees.
An aircraft with retractable landing gear, flaps, and a controllable pitch propeller.
A point used to define a navigation track for an airborne computer system such as GPS or FMS.
A change of state of water from a gas (water vapor) to a liquid.
Small particles of solid matter in the air on which water vapor condenses.
A cone-shaped volume of airspace directly above a VOR station where no signal is received, causing the CDI to fluctuate.
This is a general term, which normally refers to the position of the landing gear and flaps.
A controllable-pitch propeller whose pitch is automatically varied in flight by a governor to maintain a constant rpm in spite of varying air loads.
System that supplies a constant supply of pure oxygen to a rebreather bag that dilutes the pure oxygen with exhaled gases and thus supplies a healthy mix of oxygen and ambient air to the mask. Primarily used in passenger cabins of commercial airliners.
A display interfaced with the master computer, providing the pilot with a single control point for all navigations systems, thereby reducing the number of required flight deck panels.
The amount of physical exertion on the control column necessary to achieve the desired attitude.
A measure of the response of an aircraft relative to the pilot’s flight control inputs.
An airspace of defined dimensions within which ATC service is provided to IFR and VFR flights in accordance with the airspace classification. It includes Class A, Class B, Class C, Class D, and Class E airspace.
A measure of the response of an aircraft relative to the pilot’s flight control inputs.
Weather advisory concerning convective weather significant to the safety of all aircraft, including thunderstorms, hail, and tornadoes.
Landing gear employing a third rear-mounted wheel. These airplanes are also sometimes referred to as tailwheel airplanes.
Flight with a minimum disturbance of the forces maintaining equilibrium, established via effective control use.
See changeover point
The illusion of rotation or movement in an entirely different axis, caused by an abrupt head movement, while in a prolonged constant-rate turn that has ceased to stimulate the brain’s motion sensing system.
Rudder and ailerons are connected with interconnected springs in order to counteract adverse yaw. Can be overridden if it becomes necessary to slip the aircraft.
The intended direction of flight in the horizontal plane measured in degrees from north.
Shutter-like devices arranged around certain air-cooled engine cowlings, which may be opened or closed to regulate the flow of air around the engine.
The application of team management concepts in the flight deck environment. It was initially known as cockpit resource management, but as CRM programs evolved to include cabin crews, maintenance personnel, and others, the phrase “crew resource management” was adopted. This includes single pilots, as in most general aviation aircraft. Pilots of small aircraft, as well as crews of larger aircraft, must make effective use of all available resources; human resources, hardware, and information. A current definition includes all groups routinely working with the flight crew who are involved in decisions required to operate a flight safely. These groups include, but are not limited to pilots, dispatchers, cabin crewmembers, maintenance personnel, and air traffic controllers. CRM is one way of addressing the challenge of optimizing the human/machine interface and accompanying interpersonal activities
The maximum altitude under standard atmospheric conditions at which a turbocharged engine can produce its rated horsepower.
The angle of attack at which a wing stalls regardless of airspeed, flight attitude, or weight.
Areas where disturbances to the ILS localizer and glideslope courses may occur when surface vehicles or aircraft operate near the localizer or glideslope antennas.
See crew resource management.
The first fundamental skill of instrument flight, also known as “scan,” the continuous and logical observation of instruments for attitude and performance information.