Our basic formula is straightforward. We introduce new topics on the ground, practice them in the simulator, and demonstrate them in the airplane. Aviation is built on a set of skills. The first set of skills that you will learn is how to control the airplane by reference to the outside horizon. This is similar to what you do every day when you drive your car. It is a matter of learning what the “normal” sight picture looks like and responding when it changes. The next set of skills is to learn how to get the airplane to do what you want it to do. We do this by flying various patterns over the ground. These are commonly called “ground reference maneuvers.” Once you understand how to fly the airplane safely, we then begin working on navigation skills. You will learn how to navigate using ground references as well as navigation equipment contained in the airplane. The last step in the training process is to bring all of your newfound skills together. This prepares you to fly alone in the airplane on your solo flights and to prepare for your checkride. When you pass your checkride, you will receive your pilot certificate.